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William Percent Range

William Percent Range

reflects the level

One of the most challenging decisions to make in trading is to know when to close a winning position. The R% does provide a means for holding on while your winner runs its course. Every overbought and oversold signal may not be a harbinger of a reversal. Care must be taken by reading other complementary signals, whether from an SMA or some other indicator or chart pattern, as a combined way of knowing how to proceed. As we have written before, overbought and oversold levels are not necessarily signs to sell and buy respectively. Always remember that an asset can remain in an overbought or oversold position for days or even months.


On the other hand, the Fast Stochastic Oscillator moves between 0 and 100. It gives the close level of a market in relation to the lowest low. In a case of a strong uptrend, the price will often rise to the mark of -20 or beyond.

When Williams % R moves above -20 and then, in the next move up, fails to move above -20, this can indicate weakening momentum to the upside. Conversely, when Williams % R moves below -80 and then, in the next move down, fails to move below -80, this can indicate weakening momentum to the downside. The trading rules for the Williams Percent Range strategy will be outlined in this section. Our gain and loss percentage calculator quickly tells you the percentage of your account balance that you have won or lost. Learn how to trade forex in a fun and easy-to-understand format. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work.

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Ahead you are going to begin in real account trading you need to trade at the minimum for one month as a demo in any MT4 or MT5 brokers. It awards you more potential for getting quality payback in long or short term trading across also moving average. William’s percent range indicator is a technical indicatorthat shows whether the market is oversold/overbought. It can work in different market surroundings e.g. sideways and non-trading markets. If you want to be a professional day trader so you can use the Forex William percent range indicator and you have to understand how it works.

Because of this, the market is then expected to return to the middle of the range based upon a “reversion to the mean” strategy. In this sense, it should be noted that it becomes a reversal strategy, but only after you get the signal and then a pullback into the norm. Join thousands of traders who choose a mobile-first broker for trading the markets. This way, you gain the confidence that will bolster your trading discipline when it comes to the real thing. Demo trading also allows you to tweak settings, such the period value ‘N’ of the WPR indicator, in a safe environment.

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Now, this does not mean you should buy below -80 and sell readings above -20. The n in the formula is the number of periods or candlesticks in the equation. The Williams %R indicator is pronounced Williams Percent R. The indicator is the creation of famous technical analyst and charting enthusiast Larry R. Williams. This means tweaking the period and identifying optimal settings. As always, as a trader, you don’t need to know how it is calculated. All you need to know is how to implement it on the trading platform.

  • As you can see above, the indicator is all about the high, close and low prices.
  • Therefore the 0 level is located at the top, and the – 100 value is located below.
  • This is because the indicator is only looking at the last 14 periods.
  • There will also be a trend component to this William percent range strategy.
  • Whereas the fast stochastic oscillates between 0 and +100, the Williams %R varies between -100 and 0.

Therefore, when the conditions are overbought and oversold, the trader should wait for a signal to change the direction of the trend. The Stochastic RSI, or StochRSI, is a technical analysis indicator created by applying the Stochastic oscillator formula to a set of relative strength index values. Its primary function is to identify overbought and oversold conditions. Thus, successful frequent overbought and oversold reversals are most typical for ranging markets and weaker trends. Generally speaking, a buy signal is generated when the oscillators value falls into oversold territory, reverses and enters back the normal range. A sell signal is logically produced when the asset becomes overbought, but reverses and the Williams R% returns into normal values.


One of the indicators that comes to mind when trying to use this indicator is the moving average. Beyond that, it also can tell you when it’s time to use the Williams Percent Range indicator for a range bound trade as well. The Williams Percent Range is quite a simple tool that compares the current market level to the ranges over a look-back period. By doing so, it gives indications of whether the market is overbought or oversold. General wisdom holds that range-bound markets are the optimal condition for overbought/oversold oscillators.

  • Volume Rate of Change The Volume Rate of Change is an indicator of the direction where the volume trend moves.
  • Williams Percent Range values above “-20” and below “-80” are worthy of attention, as noted by the “Green” circles.
  • We don’t know how long the buying pressure that has brought us here will last, so we wait.
  • Beyond that, it also can tell you when it’s time to use the Williams Percent Range indicator for a range bound trade as well.
  • The rules for us¬ing the% R line are practically the same as those already des¬cribed for stochastic lines.

He is also known for winning the 1987 World Cup Championship of Futures Trading by turning $10,000 into $1.1 million over just 12 months. Several of his books catalogue his strategies and his trading prowess. Like many other traders and analysts of the age, he was intent on using the power of the computer to provide accurate signals for when price momentum was about to increase or begin to fade. Instead of using the indicator for simply identifying overbought and oversold market conditions, you can develop a trading plan around the -50 line cross.

How to use Williams %R indicator

The Williams %R indicator was developed by Larry Williams, who is a veteran trader and technical analyst. Williams %R is considered a momentum based indicator, and is very similar in its construction to the Stochastics oscillator. is a blog website dedicated to financial markets and online trading. Please note that trading, especially margin trading contains high risks of losing a deposit.

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Record the current price, the highest price, and lowest price on the 14thperiod. At this point, you can refer to the formula to make the necessary substitute. For a short position − crossing the overbought (-20) border from top to bottom. Smoothing of values isn’t applied, minus before data doesn’t influence result of the analysis in any way. Overbought zone is from 0 to (-20), oversold zone − from (-80) to (-100). For the first time the indicator is mentioned in the book «How I made one million dollars last year trading commodities» , where its anticipated signals of a turn are actively advertised .

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Typically %R can generate set ups based on overbought and oversold conditions as well overall changes in momentum. There is a difference in opinions regarding the applicability of Williams %R during trending market conditions or range-bound market. On the other hand, traders use this indicator during a trending market because they can identify trending momentum. Williams %R, also known as the Williams Percent Range, is a type of momentum indicator that moves between 0 and -100 and measuresoverboughtandoversoldlevels. The Williams %R may be used to find entry and exit points in the market.

trading range

Also, the can remain in the oversold and overbought levels for long. Therefore, if the line crosses minus 50, it means that prices are trading in the upper section of their high-low range and vice versa. Self-confessed Forex Geek spending my days researching and testing everything forex related. I have many years of experience in the forex industry having reviewed thousands of forex robots, brokers, strategies, courses and more. I share my knowledge with you for free to help you learn more about the crazy world of forex trading!

At the same time, the 50 day EMA has started the slope higher, offering a buying opportunity. After that, we had seen another opportunity presented itself by the next set of blue arrows. When you see the blue arrows, it represents areas where the price crossed over to the oversold condition, right along with the Williams Price Range indicator signal line. As the market has broken back above the minus 80 level, it fired off a buy signal.

oversold conditions

Overbought and oversold marking on the indicator does not denote an occurrence of a reversal. Overbought marking is used to determine an uptrend, considering that a strong uptrend frequently see prices which are shooting to or beyond prior heights. Opening of new bar leads to change of max/min values of already new range, but levels 0 and (-100) in a window of the indicator remain the same. As a result, the indicator line performs a turn much earlier than the real price turn.

The BlackBull Markets site is intuitive and easy to use, making it an ideal choice for beginners. Determine your entry point after the “Purple” %R line crosses the lower extreme value and after the “Red” line SMA flattens before changing direction. If you are familiar with divergence, you essentially want to find points areas where price and the indicator are in conflict.




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